FONDOS Y ARCHIVOS

GERMAN CUETO.  Born in 1983 and died in 1975 in Mexico City. Germán Gutiérrez Cueto, son of a Spanish father and Mexican mother, is one of the first modern sculptors in the American continent. The exhibition, in the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, features a series of individual exhibitions devoted to Mexican artists: Vicente Rojo, José Luis Cuevas and Francisco Toledo, among others.

Cueto studies sculpture at the Academy of Fine Arts in Mexico City after returning from a trip to Spain between 1916 and 1917 in which his cousin, María Gutiérrez Blanchard, introduces him to the world of Modern Art and avant-garde movements. The artist participates in the beginnings of Mexico’s new revolutionary art and becomes part of Estridentismo (Stridentism), a radical aesthetic movement inspired by Cubism and Futurism.  At the same time, the artist takes a strong interest in traditional Mexican art, particularly masks and forms his own artistic language in modern sculpture.

Cueto moves to Paris in 1927, where he lives until 1932, forging links with the School of Paris, particularly the Cercle et Carré group. The exhibition held in Paris’ Gallery 23 in 1930 is of note as its unifying connections represent the rejection of figuration and the use of geometric forms. During this period, Cercle et Carré is made up of around forty artists from different countries in Europe and America, including distinguished names such as: Hans Arp, Le Corbusier, Vassily Kandinsky, Piet Mondrian, Antoine Pevsner, Kurt Schwitters, Joaquín Torres García and Georges Vantongerloo.

Along with the other names mentioned, the reasons why the Mexican artist falls into obscurity is still hard to fathom. Upon his return to Mexico, the abstraction of his works are too innovative and become distanced from the tastes that dominate the country at that time. Cueto is unable to maintain a prominent position in the sculpture scene, then dominated by distinguished muralists such as Diego Rivera, José Clemente Orozco and David Alfaro Siqueiros. Throughout this period he lives off his teaching work at the same time as he wholeheartedly and freely dedicates his time to artistic exploration, combining Abstraction and Figuration. The recognition of his career finally comes at the end of the Fifties through younger generations.

Irons and shadows, solo exhibition in Freijo Gallery, 2010, Madrid, Spain. 

JOSE DUARTE, born in 1928, in Cordoba, Spain and dies in 2017, in Madrid, Spain.
Co-founder and member of Equipo 57. Other founders are Juan Cuenca, Ángel Duarte, Agustín Ibarrola, Jorge Oteiza, Juan Serrano.
In 1957 the group makes public, through a manifesto, their artistic purposes: the denunciation of production and market mechanisms, the desire to renew the current artistic situation and the search for a social function to art and the integration of the artist in society. With these principals they are part of an activist attitude that is characteristic of these avant-garde groups and – in the words of Ángel Llorente – their work “shows the alternative that led the Equipo: the defence of a new artistic behaviour in society. An assumed social commitment, although there are some contradictions, regarding the artistic practice of geometric abstraction.” To carry out these objectives, this group became interested in rationalistic and analytical tendencies which carried the strong stamp of scientific approaches.
Co-founder and member of  Estampa Popular, and taking part of the all exhibitions in Spain and abroad. It is the beginnig of his figurative works, expressionist, at producing personal artistic work with a strong social content.
Duarte changed the subeject of his art works in 1982, year in which the democracy was established in Spain.
In 2013 presented a Solo Exhibition in Sala Vimcorsa (Córdoba, Spain),  Vivir desde las Entrañas, Jose Duarte. Curator: Angustias Freijo. Download pdf.

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